The Differences Between MGO and UMF

Manuka honey is a type of honey that is produced in New Zealand and Australia from the nectar of the manuka bush (Leptospermum scoparium). It is known for its unique properties and has been used for medicinal purposes for centuries. Manuka honey is often labeled with two different grading systems: MGO (methylglyoxal) and UMF (Unique Manuka Factor).
Here is a brief overview of the differences between MGO and UMF:

MGO

MGO (methylglyoxal) is a measure of the level of methylglyoxal, a compound found in manuka honey that is thought to contribute to its antibacterial properties. Methylglyoxal levels in manuka honey can range from 0 to over 2000. The higher the MGO rating, the higher the concentration of methylglyoxal in the honey and the greater the potential antibacterial activity.

UMF

UMF (Unique Manuka Factor) is a grading system that measures the overall potency and antibacterial activity of manuka honey. It is based on the presence of three key markers: methylglyoxal (MGO), DHA (dihydroxyacetone), and leptosperin. The UMF rating is a measure of the concentration of these markers in the honey, with higher ratings indicating higher potency and antibacterial activity. The UMF rating system ranges from 0 to 20+.

Current Use

Both MGO and UMF are used to grade the quality and potency of manuka honey, but they do so in different ways. MGO measures the concentration of a single compound (methylglyoxal) in the honey, while UMF measures the overall potency and antibacterial activity of the honey based on the presence of several different markers. Some experts believe that the UMF rating system is a more comprehensive and reliable way to measure the quality and potency of manuka honey, as it takes into account a wider range of factors.

Comparison Table

UMF MGO Potency
4+ 50+ Low
5+ 83+ Low
6+ 111+ Low
7+ 144+ Low
8+ 180+ Low
9+ 219+ Medium
10+ 263+ Medium
11+ 306+ Medium
12+ 354+ Medium
13+ 404+ Medium/High
14+ 457+ Medium/High
15+ 514+ Medium/High
16+ 570+ High
17+ 631+ High
18+ 693+ High
19+ 759+ High
20+ 829+ Very High
21+ 896+ Very High
22+ 968+ Very High
23+ 1042+ Very High
24+ 1122+ Very High
25+ 1197+ Ultra High
26+ 1282+ Ultra High
27+ 1360+ Ultra High
28+ 1445+ Ultra High
29+ 1532+ Ultra High (Rare Manuka)
30+ 1620+ Ultra High (Rare Manuka)
31+ 1711+ Ultra High (Rare Manuka)
32+ 1804+ Ultra High (Rare Manuka)
33+ 1900+ Ultra High (Rare Manuka)

Conclusions

It is important to note that both MGO and UMF grading systems are proprietary and are not regulated by any government or independent body. This means that the grades assigned to different brands of manuka honey may vary and may not always be accurate. As such, it is important for consumers to do their own research and carefully evaluate the quality and potency of different brands of manuka honey before making a purchase. If you want to ensure that you are getting accurate MGO and UMF ratings, it is recommended to shop with a trusted and reputable seller like Manuka Hut.
In conclusion, understanding the differences between MGO and UMF can help you make an informed decision when shopping for manuka honey. If you have any thoughts or comments on this topic, please share them in the comment section below.

 

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